Table of Contents

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Preface
17
Purpose of This Book
17
Target Audience
17
Structure of This Book
18
Acknowledgments
20
Maunil Mehta
20
Sam Parikh
20
Usman Aijaz
21
Tanya Duncan
21
1 Finance Transformation
23
1.1 Finance Transformation and the Role of a CFO
25
1.1.1 Steward
27
1.1.2 Operator
27
1.1.3 Strategist
27
1.1.4 Catalyst
27
1.1.5 How the Role of CFO is Changing
27
1.2 Evolving Finance Reporting Requirements
28
1.2.1 Staying Ahead of Competitors
29
1.2.2 Meeting Compliance Requirements
30
1.3 Advancements in Information Technology
31
1.4 Introduction to SAP S/4HANA Finance
32
1.4.1 Universal Journal
34
1.4.2 Improved User Experience with SAP Fiori
35
1.4.3 Real-Time Reporting
37
1.4.4 Advanced Analytics
38
1.5 Central Finance
39
1.6 Summary
41
2 Architecture
43
2.1 The System: SAP S/4HANA
43
2.1.1 SAP S/4HANA Finance
44
2.1.2 Software Versions
45
2.1.3 Central Finance
46
2.1.4 SAP Landscape Transformation Replication Server
50
2.1.5 SAP Master Data Governance
50
2.1.6 Deployment Options
52
2.2 The Database: SAP HANA
53
2.3 The User Experience: SAP Fiori
56
2.3.1 Transactional Applications
56
2.3.2 Analytical Applications
59
2.3.3 Fact Sheet Applications
60
2.4 The Table Structure: Universal Journal
62
2.5 The Network: Peripheral Cloud Applications
64
2.5.1 SAP Ariba
65
2.5.2 SAP Concur
67
2.5.3 SAP Fieldglass
70
2.5.4 SAP SuccessFactors
72
2.6 Summary
74
3 Financial Accounting
75
3.1 General Ledger
75
3.1.1 Key Processes
75
3.1.2 General Ledger in SAP S/4HANA
76
3.1.3 Universal Journal
80
3.1.4 Finance and Controlling Merged into One
83
3.1.5 Material Ledger
85
3.1.6 Business Partner
85
3.1.7 Useful SAP Fiori Apps
86
3.2 Accounts Payable
90
3.2.1 Accounts Payable Process
90
3.2.2 ACDOCA Table
91
3.2.3 Vendor Invoice Management using OpenText Vendor Invoice Management
91
3.2.4 SAP Ariba
93
3.2.5 Monitor Payments
93
3.3 Accounts Receivable
95
3.3.1 Accounts Receivable Process
95
3.3.2 Master Data
96
3.3.3 Updates/Mass Changes
98
3.3.4 Receivables Management and Reporting
98
3.3.5 Financial Supply Chain Management
104
3.3.6 Useful SAP Fiori Apps
109
3.4 Asset Accounting
111
3.4.1 Asset Accounting Process
112
3.4.2 Useful SAP Fiori Apps
117
3.5 Central Processing
120
3.6 Reporting
121
3.6.1 Flexible Reporting
121
3.6.2 Reporting on Various Hierarchies
122
3.7 Summary
122
4 Management Accounting
123
4.1 Cost Element Accounting
124
4.1.1 Primary and Secondary Cost Elements
124
4.1.2 General Ledger Account Types
125
4.1.3 Profit and Loss Account Types
126
4.2 Overhead Cost Controlling
128
4.2.1 Cost Allocations
128
4.2.2 Internal Orders
130
4.2.3 Project Cost Reporting
131
4.2.4 Flexible Hierarchies
132
4.3 Product Cost Controlling
133
4.3.1 Product Cost Controlling Process
134
4.3.2 Costing Run Enhancements
135
4.3.3 Cost of Goods Sold Split by Cost Component
136
4.3.4 Work In Process Analysis Improvements
138
4.3.5 Production Variances Split by Variance Category
138
4.3.6 Manage Material Valuations
140
4.3.7 Material Inventory Values – Balance Summary
140
4.3.8 Material Price Analysis
141
4.3.9 Production Cost Analysis
142
4.4 Material Ledger and Actual Costing
143
4.4.1 Material Ledger
143
4.4.2 Transfer Pricing and Multiple Valuation Approaches
144
4.4.3 Actual Costing Runs
147
4.5 Profitability Analysis
149
4.5.1 Additional Quantity Fields
150
4.5.2 Combined Profitability Analysis
152
4.5.3 Attributed Profitability Segment
154
4.5.4 Real-Time Derivation of Market Segment
154
4.5.5 Pivot-Browser
155
4.5.6 Realignment Results – Profitability Analysis
155
4.5.7 Market Segments – Plan/Actual
156
4.6 Summary
157
5 Treasury and Risk Management
159
5.1 Cash Management
160
5.1.1 Cash Management Process
160
5.1.2 Liquidity Forecasting
161
5.1.3 Cash and Liquidity Management
161
5.1.4 Liquidity Planner
161
5.1.5 In-House Cash
163
5.1.6 Intra-Group Payments
165
5.1.7 Central Incoming Payments
165
5.1.8 Central Outgoing Payments
165
5.1.9 Local Outgoing Payments
166
5.2 Liquidity Planning and Forecasting
166
5.2.1 Liquidity Planning and Forecasting Process
166
5.2.2 Liquidity Planning Objects
170
5.2.3 Liquidity Planning Data
171
5.2.4 Cash Managers Dashboard
172
5.2.5 Cash Flow Detailed Analysis
172
5.3 Transaction and Risk Management
173
5.3.1 Transaction and Risk Management Process
173
5.3.2 Transaction Manager
174
5.3.3 Risk Analyzer
175
5.4 Bank Account Management
176
5.4.1 Bank Account Management Process
176
5.4.2 Bank Account Master Data
179
5.4.3 Bank Account Hierarchy and Bank Account Groups
181
5.4.4 Bank Account Management Workflow
182
5.4.5 Cash Concentration
183
5.4.6 Bank Reconciliation
184
5.4.7 Useful SAP Fiori Apps
185
5.5 Advanced Compliance Reporting
187
5.5.1 SAP S/4HANA for Advanced Compliance Reporting
188
5.5.2 Define Compliance Reports
189
5.5.3 Run Compliance Reports
189
5.6 Summary
191
6 Financial Planning
193
6.1 Strategic Planning
195
6.2 Budgeting
195
6.3 Forecasting
197
6.4 Challenges for Planning, Budgeting, and Forecasting
198
6.4.1 Changes in Legacy Planning and Forecasting Solutions
199
6.4.2 How Does Planning, Forecasting, and Budgeting in SAP Address Key Challenges?
199
6.5 SAP Planning Product Overview
201
6.5.1 SAP BPC 10.1 for SAP S/4HANA
203
6.5.2 SAP BPC 11, Version for SAP BW/4HANA
208
6.5.3 SAP Analytics Cloud
211
6.5.4 Hybrid Deployment with SAP BPC and SAP Analytics Cloud
213
6.6 Enhancing Planning and Forecasting Capabilities
214
6.6.1 Profit and Loss Statement Planning
215
6.6.2 Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Planning
218
6.6.3 FP&A Predictive Modeling through SAP
220
6.6.4 Visualization and Mobility in FP&A
224
6.7 Summary
227
7 Financial Close and Consolidation
229
7.1 Entity Close
230
7.1.1 Entity Close Process
230
7.1.2 Challenges in the Typical Closing Process
231
7.1.3 Improved Entity Close with SAP Financial Closing Cockpit
233
7.1.4 Emerging Technologies in the Closing Process
238
7.2 Settlements and Assessments
239
7.2.1 Settlements and Assessments Process
239
7.2.2 Assessment Versus Distribution
239
7.2.3 Planning Engine
245
7.2.4 Reporting in One System
245
7.2.5 Investigate Trends
246
7.2.6 Eliminated CO-FI Reconciliation
246
7.2.7 Freely Defined Currencies
246
7.2.8 Faster Algorithms
246
7.2.9 Simplified Planning and Allocation
247
7.2.10 Settlements
247
7.3 Intercompany Eliminations
248
7.3.1 Intercompany Elimination Process
248
7.3.2 Intercompany Transactions
249
7.3.3 Stock Transfer Orders
251
7.3.4 Intercompany Drop-Ship-Scenarios:
252
7.3.5 Internal Procurement Orders
252
7.3.6 Intercompany Reconciliation
252
7.3.7 Intercompany Eliminations
260
7.4 Currency Translations
263
7.4.1 Currency Translation Process
263
7.4.2 Currencies and Exchange Rates
263
7.4.3 Post Currency Adjustments
265
7.4.4 Foreign Currency Revaluation
265
7.4.5 Currency Translations
269
7.5 Consolidated Reporting
272
7.5.1 Consolidated Reporting Process
272
7.5.2 Group Reporting
273
7.5.3 Consolidated Reporting User Experience
276
7.5.4 SAP Analysis for Microsoft Office
276
7.5.5 SAP Analytics Cloud
278
7.6 Summary
278
8 Reporting and Analytics
279
8.1 Advanced Compliance Reporting
279
8.1.1 Define Advanced Compliance Reports
280
8.1.2 Run Advanced Compliance Reports
281
8.2 Management Reporting
281
8.2.1 Universal Journal
282
8.2.2 Market Segment Reporting
283
8.3 Reporting and Analytics Tools
283
8.3.1 SAP Fiori
285
8.3.2 SAP Lumira
293
8.3.3 SAP Analysis for Microsoft Office
301
8.3.4 SAP Analytics Cloud
311
8.3.5 SAP Predictive Analytics
325
8.3.6 Artificial Intelligence
333
8.4 Summary
335
9 Deployment Options
337
9.1 On-Premise Versus Public or Private Cloud
337
9.1.1 On-Premise
339
9.1.2 Public Cloud
341
9.1.3 Private Cloud
342
9.2 Single Instance versus Multiple Instances
344
9.2.1 Single Global Instance
344
9.2.2 Multiple Instances
346
9.3 Rollout Options (Big Bang or Rollout)
348
9.3.1 Big Bang Approach
349
9.3.2 Phased Rollout by Functionality
350
9.3.3 Phased Approach by Geography or Business Unit
351
9.3.4 Rollout Strategy – Decision-Making Approach
352
9.4 Central Finance
354
9.4.1 SAP S/4HANA Migration Options
357
9.4.2 Use Cases
360
9.4.3 Deployment Options
361
9.4.4 Limitations
363
9.5 SAP MDG
364
9.5.1 SAP MDG as a Separate Instance
365
9.5.2 SAP MDG Deployed on the Same SAP S/4HANA Instance
365
9.6 SAP Fiori Deployment Options
366
9.6.1 SAP Fiori On-Premise
366
9.6.2 SAP Fiori Cloud
367
9.7 Summary
368
10 Planning an SAP S/4HANA Finance Project
369
10.1 Designing the Landscape of the Future
369
10.1.1 Business Climate
370
10.1.2 Legacy Systems
370
10.1.3 Business Segments/Markets
371
10.1.4 Organization Stakeholders
371
10.2 Anticipating Project Complexity
372
10.2.1 Multi-Country Rollout
373
10.2.2 Data Conversion
374
10.2.3 Organizational Change Management
374
10.3 Building a Business Case for Your Organization
376
10.3.1 Cost/Benefit Analysis
377
10.3.2 User Experience
378
10.3.3 Reporting
379
10.4 Choosing an Implementation Approach
382
10.4.1 Waterfall Versus Agile Versus Hybrid Agile
383
10.4.2 Model Company Code
386
10.5 Learning from Existing Customers
387
10.6 Summary
388
The Authors
389
Index
391