Table of Contents

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Preface
21
Objective of This Book
21
Target Audience
22
Organization of This Book
22
How to Read This Book
25
New (Greenfield) Implementations
25
System Conversion (Brownfield) Implementations
26
Introduction
29
Your New SAP S/4HANA System
29
SAP HANA Database
29
SAP S/4HANA
32
Your New Finance Solution
33
Advances in Finance
34
SAP Fiori User Experience
39
Configuration Interface
43
Summary
44
1 Project Preparation
47
1.1 Defining Your Project Objectives
48
1.2 Comparing Greenfield versus Brownfield Implementations
49
1.3 Defining the Project Scope
51
1.4 Defining the Project Timeline
53
1.5 Assembling the Project Team
54
1.6 Summary
57
2 Requirements Analysis
59
2.1 Template Requirements Analysis
60
2.1.1 Financial Accounting
60
2.1.2 Controlling
65
2.1.3 Integration with Logistics
65
2.2 Localization Fit/Gap Analysis
66
2.2.1 Localization Overview
67
2.2.2 Local Accounting Standards
68
2.2.3 Local Tax Requirements
69
2.2.4 Other Local Requirements
70
2.3 Summary
71
3 Financial Accounting Global Settings
73
3.1 The New Finance Data Model in SAP S/4HANA
73
3.1.1 The Universal Journal
74
3.1.2 Real-Time Integration with Controlling
76
3.2 Organizational Structure
77
3.2.1 Company
77
3.2.2 Company Code
78
3.2.3 Controlling Area
84
3.2.4 Operating Concern
88
3.3 Ledgers
90
3.4 Document Types
94
3.4.1 Document Type Settings
95
3.4.2 Number Ranges
97
3.4.3 Document Types for Entry View in a Ledger
98
3.5 Currencies
100
3.5.1 Currency Types
100
3.5.2 Exchange Rate Type
101
3.5.3 Exchange Rates
102
3.6 Taxes
103
3.6.1 Tax Procedure
103
3.6.2 Tax Codes
109
3.7 Summary
111
4 General Ledger
113
4.1 Master Data
113
4.1.1 Chart of Accounts
114
4.1.2 Account Groups
117
4.1.3 General Ledger Accounts
118
4.2 Document Splitting
123
4.2.1 Document Splitting Characteristics
124
4.2.2 Classification of General Ledger Accounts for Document Splitting
125
4.2.3 Classification of Document Types for Document Splitting
127
4.2.4 Define Document Splitting Characteristics for General Ledger Accounting
128
4.2.5 Define Zero-Balance Clearing Account
129
4.3 Automatic Postings and Account Determination
131
4.3.1 Purchasing Flows
132
4.3.2 Sales Flows
133
4.3.3 Automatic Postings in Financial Accounting
134
4.4 Periodic Processing and Financial Closing
137
4.4.1 Posting Periods
137
4.4.2 Intercompany Reconciliation
140
4.4.3 Foreign Currency Valuation
141
4.4.4 Account Clearing
144
4.4.5 Balance Carry-Forward
145
4.5 Information System
147
4.5.1 Balance Reports
147
4.5.2 Financial Statements
148
4.5.3 Tax Reports
150
4.5.4 Drilldown Reporting
151
4.6 SAP Fiori Applications
153
4.6.1 Post General Journal Entries App
154
4.6.2 Upload General Journal Entries
155
4.7 Summary
155
5 Accounts Payable
157
5.1 Business Partner
157
5.1.1 General Data
158
5.1.2 Company Code Data
159
5.1.3 Business Partner Configuration
160
5.2 Business Transactions
166
5.2.1 Incoming Invoices/Credit Memos in Financial Accounting
166
5.2.2 Posting with Alternative Reconciliation Account
168
5.2.3 Incoming Invoices/Credit Memos from Materials Management
170
5.2.4 Tax Determination in the Purchasing Process
172
5.2.5 GR/IR Clearing
176
5.2.6 Payment Terms and Outgoing Payments
179
5.2.7 Integration with Vendor Invoice Management
184
5.3 Information System
185
5.3.1 Master Data Reports
186
5.3.2 Balance Reports
187
5.3.3 Line Item Reports
189
5.4 Summary
195
6 Accounts Receivable
197
6.1 Business Partner
197
6.1.1 General Data
198
6.1.2 Company Code Data
200
6.1.3 Sales Data
202
6.1.4 Business Partner Configuration
204
6.2 Business Transactions
213
6.2.1 Outgoing Invoices/Credit Memos in Financial Accounting
213
6.2.2 Outgoing Invoices/Credit Memos in Sales and Distribution
218
6.2.3 Pricing Procedure in Sales
220
6.2.4 Incoming Payments and Payment Terms
221
6.3 Taxes
223
6.3.1 Taxes in Financial Accounting Invoices
223
6.3.2 Tax Determination in the Sales Process
224
6.4 Information System
231
6.4.1 Master Data Reports
232
6.4.2 Balance Reports
233
6.4.3 Line Item Reports
236
6.5 Summary
238
7 Fixed Assets
239
7.1 Organizational Structures
240
7.1.1 Chart of Depreciation
240
7.1.2 Depreciation Area
244
7.1.3 Asset Class
248
7.2 Master Data
251
7.2.1 Screen Layout
251
7.2.2 Account Determination
255
7.2.3 Number Ranges
260
7.2.4 User Fields and Asset Supernumbers
262
7.2.5 Asset Numbers, Subnumbers, and Group Numbers
265
7.3 Business Transactions
268
7.3.1 Acquisitions
268
7.3.2 Transfers
270
7.3.3 Retirement
274
7.4 Valuation and Closing
276
7.4.1 New Asset Accounting Concept
276
7.4.2 Multiple Valuation Principles
277
7.4.3 Depreciation Key
279
7.4.4 Depreciation Run
281
7.4.5 Revaluation
283
7.4.6 Manual Value Correction
285
7.4.7 Year-End Closing Activities
286
7.5 Information System
288
7.5.1 Asset Explorer
288
7.5.2 Asset Balance Reports
290
7.5.3 Asset History Sheet
292
7.6 Summary
297
8 Bank Accounting
299
8.1 Master Data
299
8.1.1 Bank Keys
300
8.1.2 House Banks
303
8.1.3 Bank Accounts and IBANs
306
8.2 Automatic Payment Program
308
8.2.1 Automatic Payment Program Parameters
309
8.2.2 Automatic Payment Program Global Settings
311
8.2.3 Payment Method
314
8.2.4 Bank Determination
320
8.2.5 Common Issues with the Payment Program
323
8.3 Payment Files
326
8.3.1 SEPA Payment Files
327
8.3.2 Other Common Formats
329
8.4 Electronic Bank Statements
331
8.4.1 Overview
332
8.4.2 Account Symbols
333
8.4.3 Posting Rules
335
8.4.4 Transaction Types
336
8.5 Summary
338
9 General Controlling and Cost Element Accounting
341
9.1 General Controlling Settings
341
9.1.1 Maintain Controlling Area
342
9.1.2 Number Ranges
345
9.1.3 Versions
348
9.2 Master Data
352
9.2.1 Cost Elements
352
9.2.2 Cost Element Groups
355
9.3 Actual Postings
357
9.3.1 Manual Reposting
357
9.3.2 Activity Allocation
360
9.4 Summary
363
10 Cost Center Accounting
365
10.1 Master Data
365
10.1.1 Cost Centers
366
10.1.2 Cost Center Groups
376
10.1.3 Activity Types
379
10.1.4 Statistical Key Figures
383
10.2 Actual Postings
384
10.2.1 Automatic Account Assignment
385
10.2.2 Substitutions for Account Assignment
387
10.3 Periodic Allocations
391
10.3.1 Accrual Calculation
391
10.3.2 Distribution
392
10.3.3 Assessment
400
10.3.4 Activity Allocation
406
10.4 Planning
408
10.4.1 Basic Settings for Planning
409
10.4.2 Manual Planning
410
10.5 Information System
415
10.5.1 Standard Reports
416
10.5.2 User-Defined Reports
418
10.6 Summary
423
11 Internal Orders
425
11.1 Master Data
426
11.1.1 Order Types
427
11.1.2 Screen Layouts
432
11.1.3 Number Ranges
434
11.1.4 Create Internal Order
438
11.2 Budgeting
443
11.3 Actual Postings and Periodic Allocations
449
11.3.1 Settlement
449
11.3.2 Periodic Reposting
457
11.4 Planning
461
11.4.1 Basic Settings
462
11.4.2 Statistical Key Figures
464
11.4.3 Allocations
466
11.5 Information System
468
11.5.1 Standard Reports
468
11.5.2 Report Painter Reports
472
11.6 Summary
476
12 Profit Center Accounting
477
12.1 Master Data
478
12.1.1 Profit Center
478
12.1.2 Profit Center Group
484
12.1.3 Standard Hierarchy
486
12.2 Profit Center Derivation
487
12.2.1 Account Assignment Objects
488
12.2.2 Document Splitting
490
12.2.3 Profit Center Substitution
491
12.3 Information System
496
12.3.1 Standard Reporting
496
12.3.2 Drilldown Reporting
500
12.4 Summary
507
13 Profitability Analysis
509
13.1 Overview of Profitability Analysis
509
13.1.1 Costing-Based Profitability Analysis
510
13.1.2 Account-Based Profitability Analysis
511
13.2 Master Data
512
13.2.1 Operating Concern
512
13.2.2 Data Structure
513
13.2.3 Operating Concern Attributes
523
13.2.4 Characteristics Hierarchy
524
13.2.5 Characteristic Derivation
527
13.3 Data Flow
529
13.3.1 Invoice Value Flow
530
13.3.2 Overhead Costs Flow
537
13.3.3 Production Costs Flow
545
13.4 Integrated Planning
550
13.4.1 Planning Framework
550
13.4.2 Planning Elements
551
13.5 Information System
558
13.5.1 Line Item Lists
559
13.5.2 Drilldown Reporting
561
13.6 Summary
565
14 Product Costing
567
14.1 Master Data
567
14.1.1 Material Master
568
14.1.2 Bill of Materials
574
14.1.3 Work Center
575
14.1.4 Routing
576
14.2 Product Cost Planning
578
14.2.1 Costing Variant Components
579
14.2.2 Creating the Costing Variant
593
14.2.3 Cost Component Structure
598
14.2.4 Costing Sheet
603
14.2.5 Material Cost Estimate
610
14.3 Actual Costing and Material Ledger
613
14.3.1 Overview and Material Ledger Activation
614
14.3.2 Multiple Currencies and Valuations
615
14.3.3 Material Ledger Update
616
14.3.4 Actual Costing
621
14.3.5 Actual Costing Cockpit
622
14.4 Information System
623
14.4.1 Product Cost Planning
624
14.4.2 Actual Costing and Material Ledger
626
14.4.3 Drilldown Reporting
627
14.5 Summary
629
15 Group Reporting
631
15.1 Group Reporting Basics
631
15.1.1 What Is Group Reporting?
632
15.1.2 Historical Group Reporting in SAP
632
15.1.3 Key Benefits
633
15.2 Global Settings
634
15.2.1 Prerequisites
635
15.2.2 Consolidation Ledger
635
15.2.3 Consolidation Version
637
15.2.4 Dimensions
640
15.3 Data Collection and Consolidation Configuration
641
15.3.1 Financial Statement Items
642
15.3.2 Subitem Categories and Subitems
643
15.3.3 Document Type
647
15.3.4 Number Ranges
652
15.3.5 Data Collection Tasks
653
15.3.6 Consolidation of Investments Methods
655
15.3.7 Task Group
658
15.4 Summary
661
16 Data Migration
663
16.1 Brownfield Implementation Migration
663
16.1.1 Check Programs for SAP S/4HANA Readiness
664
16.1.2 Migration to SAP S/4HANA
668
16.2 Greenfield Implementation Migration
676
16.2.1 Migration Options
676
16.2.2 Migration Cockpit and Migration Object Modeler
677
16.2.3 Legacy Data Load
688
16.3 Financial Migration Objects
690
16.3.1 General Ledger Data
690
16.3.2 Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable Data
692
16.3.3 Fixed Assets Data
692
16.3.4 Controlling-Related Data
695
16.4 Summary
696
17 Testing
699
17.1 The Testing Process
699
17.1.1 Test Plan
700
17.1.2 Testing Tools
702
17.1.3 Testing Documentation
704
17.2 Unit Testing
705
17.2.1 Sandbox Client Testing
706
17.2.2 Unit Testing Client Testing
707
17.3 Integration Testing
708
17.3.1 Planning
708
17.3.2 Phases
709
17.3.3 Documentation
711
17.4 User Acceptance Testing
712
17.4.1 Planning
713
17.4.2 Execution
713
17.4.3 Documentation
715
17.5 Summary
717
18 Go-Live and Support
719
18.1 Preparation for the Go-Live
719
18.1.1 Choosing a Go-Live Date
719
18.1.2 Defining a Cutover Plan and Responsibilities
720
18.1.3 Preparing Back-Up Plan
721
18.2 Activities during the Go-Live
722
18.2.1 Technical Activities
722
18.2.2 Financial Accounting Activities
723
18.2.3 Controlling Activities
726
18.3 Validation of the Go-Live
730
18.3.1 Project Team Validation
730
18.3.2 Subject Matter Expert Validation
730
18.4 Hypercare Production Support
731
18.4.1 The First Day
732
18.4.2 Background Jobs
732
18.4.3 Managing Critical Support Incidents
734
18.4.4 Organizing Long-Term Support
735
18.5 Summary
736
A Obsolete and New Transaction Codes and Tables in SAP S/4HANA
737
B The Author
743
Index
745